Are my unemployment benefits taxable to Missouri? Yes. You would generally include all taxable unemployment benefits received while a resident of Missouri. Start for $0 today Get your maximum refund with all the deductions and credits you deserve Get Started Login Related articles 1099-G: Unemployment Compensation Are my Social Security benefits taxable to Missouri? Did you collect unemployment compensation from a state or local government assistance program? What are Estimated Taxes? Are you a Non-Obligated Spouse?