No - When you file your federal return and your state return together, the state requires that the IRS accept the federal return before they will look at the state return. This is because any changes that are required for your federal return will often affect the results of the state return. So, when your federal return was rejected, your state return did not get transmitted.
If you are having issues getting your federal return accepted, and would like to file your state only, please contact support at 706-922-6741. Please note that most states require you to have an accepted federal return before you can file the state return.