According to the Hawaii instructions:
A Hawaii Resident is an individual that is domiciled in Hawaii or an individual that resides in Hawaii for other than temporary purpose. An individual domiciled outside Hawaii is considered a Hawaii resident if they spend more than 200 days in Hawaii during the tax year. If the stay is temporary, you may need to prove you were a permanent resident of another state.
A Hawaii Nonresident is an individual that is in Hawaii temporarily and whose permanent domicile is not Hawaii.
A Part-Year Resident of Hawaii is an individual that was considered a resident for part of the year and a nonresident for the other part of the year. This includes individuals who moved into and out of Hawaii during the year.
What if one spouse is a resident but the other is not?
A joint resident return may be still filed. However, all income will be taxed as if both spouses are Hawaii residents.
Married filing separate returns may also be filed. To file separate returns within your account, you can file the federal return and wait for the return to be accepted. Then, change the filing status for the primary taxpayer and file a separate return for the first spouse. The second spouse will need to create a new account and file the separate state return in that account (if required to file).
For more information, see What are Hawaii's filing requirements?